'How to' Run Qualitative and Quantitative Research: From Definitions Through to Analysis

National Foundation for Educational Research

12 November 2013

One of a series of Research in Schools ‘How to’ Guides, designed to help practitioners run research projects in education. To support schools in engaging with and running research, we have made our popular ‘How to’ Guides available to download free of charge.

Confused by research terminology? Not sure when best to use qualitative or quantitative methods? Unsure how to analyse the data correctly?

This simple, succinct, easy-to-read guide is packed full of research terminology which has been translated into understandable language and put into an educational context - ideal for those starting out on a research journey.

The guide explains why various characteristics of qualitative and quantitative research methods make them suitable for different situations - watch out for the pitfalls and choose the right methods for your research project! It helps you decide who should be involved in your research, how you should sample them and how you can avoid bias. It also helps you to organise your data, displaying it correctly and then developing the all-important conclusions.

A summary table showing the advantages, disadvantages and points to consider for each method of research, is a valuable reference tool. Written by NFER researchers this guide will ensure your methods of research are based on professional guidance.

This guide was published in 2013 and was correct at the time of publication. Users are encouraged to check for the latest advice on data protection with the provisions of the General Data Protection Regulation. For further information please visit the ICO website.

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