CELS: The Citizenship Educational Longitudinal Study - 2001-2010

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Research design and data

CELS is based around two interlinked surveys, a set of case studies and a literature review.

Surveys of students, teachers and school senior managers

CELS administers two survey strands which are distinct, but linked.

In all of the participating schools and colleges, one senior manager and five teachers were also asked to complete questionnaires.

Case studies
CELS also includes 12 longitudinal case studies. The case-study schools were selected from the sample of schools taking part in the surveys, with around half being from the longitudinal survey sample. School visits include student discussion groups and in-depth interviews with senior leaders, co-ordinators and teachers.

Literature review
An on-going literature review is taking place, which will culminate in a publication in 2010.


Timeline of activities and publicationsHow we are using the data