Key insights from PISA 2022 for Scotland

David Thomas, Bethan Burge, Kathryn Hurd, Jishi Jose, Jose Liht, Elizabeth Martin, Katharine Stoodley and Simon Rutt

05 December 2023

The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) is a worldwide research project involving schools and students in over 80 countries. It is run by the OECD, takes place every three years, and is designed to examine how 15-year-olds can apply what they have learned in school to real- life situations. 

Each cycle of PISA has a different focus. The main focus in PISA 2022 was mathematics, but it also included questions on reading and science. PISA also gathers extensive background information about pupils’ home and school learning environments and experiences. This information can provide powerful insights into how well education systems are functioning, and how teaching and learning can be improved for all pupils in the UK and around the world.

PISA 2022 was the first PISA assessment after the Covid-19 pandemic. The results of PISA 2022 identify important trends and insights into the impact of the educational disruption of the Covid pandemic on education of 15-year-olds in Scotland.

The Scottish Government produced a document of highlights from Scotland’s results which can be accessed here:

NFER have produced an accompanying document that provides additional details of the student sample.

This includes a non-response bias analysis at the student level which looks at the relative abilities of students who participated compared to the cohort of students who were sampled to participate: